By Sarah Seltzer The PostThe phonics and grammar of a child’s vocabulary is what matters most when it comes to his or her future success in school and at work, according to a new study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.
The research also showed that phonics skills are more important than grammar skills for some children, but not all.
The research found that children with more phonics vocabulary are more likely to succeed academically, with lower test scores and lower earnings.
Anecdotal evidence has suggested that some children are struggling to read and write, and may have difficulty processing sounds in their own heads, said Dr. Mark Linsley, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
But Linsly said he believes the evidence is “overwhelmingly” positive.
The study, titled “The effects of phonics language on literacy and cognitive performance: A review of evidence from the U.S.,” included data from over 2,400 children ages 5 to 16, the majority of whom had at least some experience in reading or writing.
The researchers also analyzed information about the children’s academic and occupational histories, and asked about their phonics-related skills and problems with learning.
They found that phonemic literacy, as measured by the APAC phonics literacy test, was significantly related to students’ academic achievement and performance on the APCC.
The phonics test is administered in five parts, with each test administered to a random sample of students from across the nation.
The test includes words, phrases and syllables.
While the APLC is considered a reliable measure of phonemic proficiency, Linsles study did not use the APCA phonics scale, which is designed to measure students’ vocabulary, and so is not a reliable indicator of phonic proficiency.
The APLC does measure vocabulary, but it is a composite of five different tests that students complete in four categories: spoken, written, spoken to a computer and spoken aloud.
In the new study, Lipsley and his colleagues used a sample of 5,814 children who had participated in a statewide testing program run by the National Assessment of Educational Progress, a federally funded project that tests children in reading and math.
The sample consisted of all children from grades 4 to 12.
The APAC, the phonics assessment tool, is administered to nearly 20 million students each year, and measures a child in phonics ability in five areas: language, reading, reading comprehension, math and spelling.
The tests are administered by the U-S Department of Education.
The researchers compared phonics scores for children who were considered proficient in the phonemic reading, writing and reading comprehension tests, and children who scored above the cutoff on the phonically tested reading, spelling and math skills tests.
They found that those who scored below the cutoff in these areas scored below their proficiency in other skills.
“The APCC has been shown to be a fairly good predictor of cognitive outcomes for children, including math performance,” Linsleys study states.
“In addition, phonemic and phonemic vocabulary skills are related to cognitive functioning in several ways, including learning and comprehension.”
The authors noted that while the APSC is not an accurate measure of verbal fluency, it is considered the best indicator of fluency.
The authors said the APCS, which tests a child reading and spelling, also provides a good predictor for the APACC, the APL and other literacy tests.
The authors also noted that children who score below the APC phonics reading, language and math proficiency thresholds also have lower levels of phonetic language, meaning they may have trouble reading letters and words in a phonemic way, or not be able to remember the letter or word.
A few of the children with lower scores in these measures were also also more likely than their higher-performing peers to report learning difficulties and to report difficulties with their social interactions.
The study also found that students who scored lower on these tests had poorer grades and lower occupational outcomes.
For example, the study found that more than two-thirds of the low-performing children who participated in the study scored below proficient in all three areas, compared with about a quarter of the high-performing students.
“For children who have difficulties in the ability to read or write phonics, phonetics and grammar, there may be consequences for later cognitive performance and employment outcomes,” the authors wrote.
The findings are particularly interesting because they contradict the findings of some experts who have argued that phonical proficiency is not related to academic success.
For example, some experts have argued phonics is not important in children’s ability to perform well in school because the ability can be learned from speech or writing and that the ability is not needed for basic academic skills such as reading and writing.
Linsley said the findings were consistent with the findings from other research, which have found that learning to read is related to both academic achievement as well as in some